Understanding 12A and 80G Registration: A Complete Guide

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When it comes to starting an NGO in India, one of the key steps is to take 12A and 80G registration. These registrations not only offer legal benefits but also help in gaining financial support through tax exemptions and donations. In this article, we will explore everything you need to know about 12A and 80G registration, including their benefits, the process involved, and why they are crucial for your NGO.

What is 12A Registration?

12A registration is a one-time process that NGOs, including Trusts, Societies, and Section 8 Companies, must undertake to be exempt from paying income tax. By taking 12A registration, your NGO can enjoy tax exemptions on the surplus income or donations received, ensuring that more funds are available for your charitable activities.

Benefits of 12A Registration

  1. Income Tax Exemption: NGOs with 12A registration are exempt from paying income tax on surplus income or donations, which means more funds can be utilized for charitable purposes.
  2. Eligibility for Government Grants: Many government and international grants require 12A registration as a mandatory criterion.
  3. Enhanced Credibility: Having 12A registration enhances the credibility of your NGO, making it more trustworthy in the eyes of donors and stakeholders.
  4. Financial Stability: The tax exemption helps in maintaining the financial stability of the NGO, allowing it to focus on its core activities.

What is 80G Registration?

80G registration allows donors to your NGO to avail of tax deductions on their donations. This makes donating to your NGO more attractive to potential donors, as they can claim deductions of 50% of the donated amount from their taxable income.

Benefits of 80G Registration

  1. Attracts Donations: By taking 80G registration, your NGO can attract more donations, as donors benefit from tax deductions.
  2. Increases Credibility: Like 12A registration, 80G registration also enhances the credibility of your NGO.
  3. Donor Satisfaction: Donors feel more satisfied and motivated to contribute, knowing they can save on taxes.
  4. Wider Reach: The tax benefits can encourage more individuals and corporations to donate, increasing your NGO’s reach and impact.

The Process to Take 12A and 80G Registration

Step 1: Preparation of Documents

Before you apply for 12A and 80G registration ensure you have all the necessary documents. Here is a list of documents required:

  • Incorporation Certificate: Proof of registration of the NGO.
  • MOA and AOA/Trust Deed: Memorandum of Association and Articles of Association or the Trust Deed, depending on the type of NGO.
  • PAN Card: PAN card of the NGO.
  • Address Proof: Registered address proof of the NGO.
  • Financial Statements: Audited financial statements of the last three years.
  • Bank Account Statements: Bank statements of the last three years.

Step 2: Filing the Application

The application for 12A registration needs to be filed using Form 10A, and for 80G registration, Form 10G is used. These forms are to be submitted to the Commissioner of Income Tax (Exemption) in your jurisdiction.

Step 3: Verification and Approval

After the submission of the forms, the Income Tax Department will verify the documents and the activities of the NGO. They may request additional information or documents if required. Once satisfied, they will grant the 12A and 80G registration certificates.

Step 4: Post-Approval Compliance

Once your NGO receives the 12A and 80G certificates, it’s important to maintain compliance by filing regular returns and keeping proper records of donations and expenditures.

Key Points to Remember

  1. One-time Registration: 12A registration is a one-time process, whereas 80G registration may require periodic renewal.
  2. Audit Requirement: Ensure that your NGO’s accounts are audited annually, as this is a prerequisite for maintaining 12A and 80G registrations.
  3. Activity Reporting: Regularly report your NGO’s activities and financials to the Income Tax Department to stay compliant.
  4. Transparency: Maintain transparency in your operations and finances to build trust and avoid any issues with tax authorities.

Why Take 12A and 80G Registration?

Taking 12A and 80G registration is crucial for the growth and sustainability of your NGO. Here’s why:

  1. Financial Efficiency: Tax exemptions and deductions ensure that a larger portion of funds is available for charitable activities, enhancing the financial efficiency of your NGO.
  2. Increased Donations: Donors are more likely to contribute when they know their donations are tax-deductible, leading to increased donations.
  3. Legal Compliance: Being registered under 12A and 80G ensures that your NGO is legally compliant, protecting it from potential legal issues.
  4. Grant Eligibility: Many grants and funding opportunities require 12A and 80G registrations, making it essential for accessing diverse funding sources.

Also read : NITI aayog registration


To take 12A and 80G registration is to open doors to numerous benefits for your NGO. From tax exemptions to increased credibility and enhanced donor satisfaction, these registrations play a pivotal role in the successful functioning of any NGO. By understanding the process and maintaining compliance, your NGO can leverage these registrations to achieve its mission and make a significant impact in society.

If you’re planning to start an NGO or already run one, ensure that you take 12A and 80G registration to enjoy these benefits and drive your organization towards greater success.

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