What Factors Determine Housing Loan Interest Rates?

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housing loan interest rates

If you are contemplating purchasing a house using a loan, understanding how housing loan interest rates are determined should be high on your priority list. Housing loan interest significantly influences the total repayment amount and, consequently, your financial planning. Talking about financial planning, housing loan interest rates are not just random figures given by banks. They hinge on multiple factors and vary across different lenders. Certain tools, like a housing loan EMI calculator, can help simplify the task of understanding your monthly obligations. However, before getting into the calculations, it is critical to know the various elements that impact the housing loan interest rates.

Loan Principle and Tenure

One of the most impactful factors influencing the housing loan interest rates is the loan amount itself. It is common for financial institutions to charge a lower interest rate for higher loan amounts. Additionally, the tenure or the duration for which you are getting the loan also impacts the interest rate. The longer the loan tenure, the higher the total interest payout, which often translates into higher EMI payments but lower interest rates.

Credit Score

Your Credit Score or Credit Rating is a crucial factor that financial institutions consider while offering loans. A high credit score essentially means that you have been consistent in paying your debts in the past, signifying greater trustworthiness. Borrowers with higher credit scores are usually given lesser interest rates on their housing loan.

Borrower’s Age and Income

The borrower’s age and income also affect the housing loan interest. Typically, banks impose higher interest rates on those with a lower income compared to those with a higher income. Furthermore, your age matters – younger borrowers are often offered lower interest rates since they have a longer working life ahead and more time to repay the loan.

Nature of Interest Rate

The nature of interest rate, whether it is fixed or floating, also determines the rate of interest on a housing loan. Fixed housing loan interest remains constant throughout the loan tenure. On the other hand, floating interest rates vary according to market fluctuations. Generally, fixed interest rates are slightly higher than floating rates.

Type of Financial Institution

The lender you choose for your housing loan can greatly impact your housing loan interest rate. Banks, Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs), and Housing Finance Companies (HFCs) determine their rates based on their cost of funds. Typically, NBFCs and HFCs charge a slightly higher rate compared to banks.

Use of Housing Loan EMI Calculator

Using a housing loan EMI calculator can help borrowers understand what their monthly repayments will look like. With accurate inputs of loan amount, tenure and the interest rate offered by the lender, this tool effectively gives an estimation of the monthly outflows throughout the loan period. This way, borrowers can plan their finances and choose a suitable loan amount and tenure.

Impact of Government Policies

Government policies and regulations also have a vital role in determining housing loan interest rates. For example, the Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR), Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR), Repo rate, and Reverse Repo rate set by the Reserve Bank of India directly influence the lending rates of banks.


Understanding the factors impacting housing loan interest is crucial while selecting the perfect loan to finance your dream home. High credit scores, stable income, younger age, and selection of longer tenure can often work in favor of the borrower in terms of securing lower interest rates. Therefore, before approaching a financial institution for a housing loan, it’s advisable for potential homebuyers to understand how these parameters affect the housing loan interest rate. Furthermore, using tools like the housing loan EMI calculator can provide clarity on monthly repayments, making it easier to manage finances and repayments over the loan tenure. In conclusion, awareness and proper understanding can equip you better while venturing into the realm of borrowing for homeownership.

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