The Ultimate Guide to Effective Back Pain Treatments in India

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Men struggling from back pain

An issue that is widespread and affects millions of people world over, including in India, is back pain. In India the number of persons having chronic backache is continuously raising as a result of factors like sedentary life styles poor posture and lack of exercise. But luckily, there are many successful treatments that can be used to relieve you from back pain. This complete guide will look into different treatment for back pain available in India hence helping you make an informed decision about how to manage your condition and treat it.

Understanding Back Pain

Back pain has 3 types which are acute, subacute and chronic.

  • Acute Back Pain – It last only for some days or weeks and it is most often caused by muscles strain or even injury.
  • Subacute Back Pain – It becomes constant for between four to twelve weeks.
  • Chronic Back Pain – Lasts more than twelve weeks due to such underlying conditions as herniated discs or spinal stenosis.

Common Causes of Back Pain

  • Muscle or Ligament Strain: Heavy lifting or awkward movements can strain back muscles and ligaments.
  • Bulging or Ruptured Discs: Discs act as cushions between the bones in your spine. If they bulge or rupture, they can press on a nerve.
  • Arthritis: Osteoarthritis can affect the lower back, leading to spinal stenosis.
  • Osteoporosis: Vertebrae can develop painful fractures if bones become porous and brittle.

Non-Surgical Treatments

1. Physical Therapy

Physical therapy is often the first line of treatment for back pain. It involves exercises and techniques to improve flexibility, strengthen the muscles supporting the spine, and promote proper posture.

  • Exercise Regimens: Tailored exercises to strengthen back and abdominal muscles.
  • Manual Therapy: Hands-on techniques to manipulate and mobilize joints and soft tissues.
  • Posture Training: Techniques to improve posture and reduce strain on the spine.

2. Medications

Medications can help manage the pain and inflammation associated with back pain.

  • Over-the-Counter Pain Relievers: NSAIDs like ibuprofen and naproxen can relieve pain and reduce inflammation.
  • Muscle Relaxants: These can help if mild to moderate back pain doesn’t improve with NSAIDs.
  • Topical Pain Relievers: Creams, salves, or patches can deliver pain-relieving substances through the skin.
  • Prescription Medications: In cases of severe pain, doctors may prescribe stronger medications such as opioids, though these are used with caution due to the risk of addiction.

3. Alternative Therapies

Alternative treatments can be effective in managing back pain when used alongside conventional treatments.

  • Acupuncture: This traditional Chinese medicine technique involves inserting thin needles into specific points on the body to alleviate pain.
  • Chiropractic Care: Chiropractors use spinal manipulation and other techniques to improve spinal alignment and alleviate pain.
  • Massage Therapy: Can help reduce muscle tension and improve circulation, which may alleviate back pain.

4. Lifestyle Modifications

Making changes to your lifestyle can significantly impact the management of back pain.

  • Regular Exercise: Regular physical activity can help strengthen the muscles supporting your back.
  • Healthy Diet: Maintaining a balanced diet can help manage weight and reduce strain on the back.
  • Proper Ergonomics: Ensuring your work and living spaces are ergonomically friendly can prevent strain and injury.

Surgical Treatments

When non-surgical methods do not work, surgical treatment may be necessary. It is usually the final option for chronic back pain that does not respond to other treatments.

1. Discectomy

A discectomy is a procedure in which the herniated part of a disc is removed in order to take pressure off nerves.

  • Microdiscectomy: A minimally invasive technique using a microscope for removing the slipped disc from the spinal canal.
  • Standard Discectomy: This involves bigger incisions and longer healing time than microdisneytomies.

2. Laminectomy

Laminectomy means removal of part of one or more vertebras’ laminae to relieve pressure on the spinal cord or nerves.

  • Decompressive Laminectomy: Most frequently done for spinal stenosis treatment.

3. Spinal Fusion

Spinal fusion consists of permanently joining two or more vertebrae in order to stop movement between them.

  • Bone Graft: Between the vertebrae, bone or a substance resembling bones can be placed, while metals screws, plates and rods are used to maintain their close proximity during bone healing process occurring within them.

4. Artificial Disc Replacement

This surgery entails substituting an injured intervertebral disc with an artificial one.

  • Motion Preservation: Instead of fusion, this procedure helps keep the spine movable in a more natural way.

Innovative and Emerging Treatments

Recent advancements in medical technology have introduced new treatments for back pain.

1. Stem Cell Therapy

Stem cell therapy involves injecting stem cells into the affected area to promote healing and regeneration of damaged tissues.

  • Regenerative Medicine: Has shown promise in reducing pain and improving function in patients with chronic back pain.

2. Radiofrequency Ablation

This minimally invasive procedure uses heat generated by radio waves to destroy nerve fibres that carry pain signals.

  • Pain Relief: Can provide long-term pain relief for patients with chronic back pain.

3. Spinal Cord Stimulation

A device implanted under the skin sends electrical impulses to the spinal cord to interfere with pain signals.

  • Chronic Pain Management: Used for severe, chronic back pain that does not respond to other treatments.


Back pain is a common and often debilitating condition that can significantly impact one’s quality of life. Fortunately, numerous treatment options are available in India, ranging from non-surgical approaches like physical therapy and medications to advanced surgical procedures and emerging treatments like stem cell therapy. For those seeking the best care, it is crucial to find the best back pain doctor in India who can provide a comprehensive, personalized treatment plan.

Dr. Arun Saroha, a renowned neurosurgeon at Max Hospitals, is an excellent example of a specialist who offers expert care for back pain. With his extensive experience and commitment to patient well-being, Dr. Saroha provides top-notch treatment options for chronic back pain patients.

Choosing the right treatment and healthcare provider can make all the difference in managing back pain and improving quality of life. Whether you opt for traditional methods or explore innovative therapies, understanding your options is the first step toward a pain-free life.

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Dr Arun Saroha

Dr Arun Saroha is one of the Best Neurosurgeon in Delhi NCR with more than 20 years of rich experience in practicing Neurosurgery with excellent results. Specializing in scoliosis treatment, FNB spine surgery, blood clot removal in the brain, and straightening curved spines, he offers exceptional care. Dr. Saroha has been associated with prestigious hospitals like Paras and Artemis as a Senior Neurosurgeon before joining Max Hospital as Director & Head of Neurosurgery. Dr. Saroha has performed more than 15000 brain & spine surgeries. With precision and advanced techniques, he corrects spinal deformities, relieves pressure on nerves, & improves patients’ quality of life.