Explore 7 types of screen printing techniques in 2024

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Step into the Art: 7 Exciting Screen Printing Techniques of 2024

What do you think? screen printing is a straightforward process. With the inclusion of technology and innovation, different effects have been noticed with the right printing technique. However, screen printing is a widely used and centuries-old printing technique. According to the report by Mordor Intelligence, the screen printing label market is expected to reach a CAGR of 2.12%  over the coming years, due to the rapid growth and demand in the industry.

This versatile screen printing technique allows the creation of different effects of the intricate design on the various fabrics. But which type of screen printing technique helps you make your printing business? Especially whether you are the business owner or just scrolling the right one, with a varied number of options it has become tricky to decide which method works or not.

In this blog post, you will find the best method while exploring its advantages and ideal applications.  

What is Screen Printing?

Screen printing is the most widely used and popular printing technique for creating a durable, vibrant, or lasting print. This process uses the mesh screen, ink, or squeegee to transfer the print on the t-shirt or the various fabrics. This process is also known as silk printing, this versatile and traditional printing originated in the 20th century. Due to its demand, it has been used for making versatile and effective prints. 

Screen printing also offers the flexibility to print the large production run or the commercial order, ensuring vivid and crisp print due to excellent absorption of ink onto the fabric.

Process Involvement During Screen Printing

The process of screen printing can’t be done using the specified mesh screen, ink, and a squeegee. Let’s explore a detailed explanation of the screen printing process:

  • Design Creation: The process of screen printing starts with creating or preparing the design to be printed on the fabric. The design is created digitally initially by hand and then transferred to the preferred film or stencil.
  • Screen Preparation: The screen is prepared by coating it with a photosensitive emulsion. Which can result in a green background that you might observe on a printing screen. This screen preparation is a simple process but may require careful consideration.
  • Stencil Creation: Once the screen is prepared, a positive image of the design is printed onto the film. The film is placed on the top of the screen and then placed under UV light to harden the emulsion. However, the unexposed area is washed using water, leaving behind the stencil on the screen.
  • Ink Preparation: After that, ink is mixed or prepared according to the fabric type and need.
  • Printing: The prepared screen is then placed on the printing press. This helps in pressing the ink on one end of the screen and a squeegee is used to pull the ink across the screen, which results in pressing it through the open area of the stencil onto the printing surface. 
  • Drying: The printing surface is dried either through air drying or using the curing method. 
  • Finishing: Once the ink is dried, a finishing process such as heat setting or embellishment is performed to enhance the final product. 

7 Main Types of Screen Printing Techniques

Here are seven types of screen printing techniques that you should opt for. All of these screen printing techniques provide different effects such as crackle and glow in the dark. These techniques are widely used when you have a look in mind or want to add aesthetic design to your product. Let’s explore!

1. Grayscale Printing

It is a great technique to print the full-color image. Grayscale printing uses a single black ink to create a spectrum of gray tones on a white background. This technique effectively replicates black-and-white photographs or graphic designs while offering significant cost savings compared to full-color printing. While lacking the vibrancy of color printing, grayscale printing remains a valuable tool for document reproduction, text-heavy materials, and achieving a specific aesthetic in design projects.

2. Halftone Printing

Halftone printing is typically done in a single color, this printing process emphasizes the use of shading accompanied by the tiny dots. In its entire process, it only focuses on the one color that gets halftone, resulting in a different shade when you look from a distance.

The reason behind the one color is that it only prints well when one printed ink is dark and highlighted more than the background. However, when you look closely then you will find, it enhances the graphics and quality while offering the softer feeling print directly onto the chosen garment.

3. Spot Color Printing

Spot color screen printing is the most common printing technique. In this effective technique, a stock of color is used by printing it through the stencil or the screen. This works best when precise and absolute colors are needed. With the help of this technique, durable, vibrant, or vivid colors are obtained using the thicker layer of the ink and the mesh count. 

In contrast to the other printing techniques, this printing technique is easy to use. The best result can be achieved when four colors are used. Spot color provides a much better consistency while balancing the control over the color’s effect. Whereas it may be a costly option, in the end with the amazing result you will be amazed. 

4. Duotone Printing

Duotone printing is often known as multitone printing, it is a combination of two halftones that has been used for producing the two color prints. 

In this one halftone is printed in black and the white halftone is printed in a color ink like warm, brown, or the other color. This process requires the press and the special infor printing the design onto the various fabrics. 

5. CMYK (4-color printing)

The CMYK color printing is also known as four-color printing. It is recognized as the foundation of the majority of commercial printing procedures. There are four types of ink in total: Key (Black), Magenta, Yellow, and Cyan. A wide range of colors can be replicated on paper or fabric by carefully mixing these inks in different ratios.  Although it cannot replicate the full vibrancy of the natural world, CMYK printing provides an economical and adaptable way to produce printed products of excellent quality.

6. Simulated Process Printing

The stimulated printing process is widely used for printing almost any image. Because, it can easily print designs, own creations, photographs, specific phrases or names on paper, fabric, or even on wood. This screen printing process is particularly popular for photo print because it allows for the creation of lighter or darker effects.

7. High-Density Screen Printing

High-density screen printing pushes the boundaries of traditional printing, creating an impressive 3D effect. This technique utilizes thicker, more viscous inks compared to standard plastisol. The design is printed in multiple layers, meticulously stacked upon each other. 

This layering creates a raised, textured design that feels almost sculpted onto the fabric. Primarily used for logos, bold graphics, or adding depth to artwork, high-density printing elevates designs, transforming them from flat visuals to captivating tactile experiences.

Conclusion

In sum, Screen printing is a highly effective and popular technique that has been used for almost centuries.  In this blog post, we have mentioned the 7 different types of screen printing techniques. If you are starting a printing business then this information will surely be helpful in deciding the right method that suits your needs. 

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